The Chittenden breaker and shaft were located
in the area west of Susquehanna Avenue and north
of Hoover St. It is according to a brief note in
the Pa Mine Inspectors Reports, in 1865 the
first coal breaker, and shaft or slope worked or
constructed in Old Forge.
It probably had small breaker and did not
last long as area maps for 1888 show mine tracks
connecting the Chittenden mine with the Carbon
No other information has been found on this
breaker, and its records may be lost to time.
The earliest record for the Pine is that the
shaft was being sunk by the Bunder Construction
Co in 1872. The Pine had the distinction of
being the first Mine Inspector Report listing
for a miner killed in the mines of Old Forge. He
was James Reese, and on February 15, 1872 he
fell to his death in the shaft he was sinking.
At the time the area along Keyser Ave
belonged to Old Forge Township, it was annexed
to Taylor in 1902. Pine was an over shaft type
breaker with a slope, and run by the DL&W Co. It
was later run by the Glen Alden Coal Co in 1921
when the new company was formed from the DL&W to
separate its coal and railroad divisions.
Records from 1940 show the Pyne-Taylor Coal
Co processing 214,135 tons of coal and employing
374 employees that year.
Mining operations continued into the early
1960's as I remember my dad and I waiting to
pick up my grandfather Peter Horyczon, when he
rode up the slope on a trip of mine cars at the
end of his shift. Coal was shipped to the Moffat
breaker for processing. At that time all that
remained were the slope, tipple, fan house and
The repair shop still stands today as a car
lot, 286 Corp. In side, the concrete floor of
the east side of the building still contain the
mine tracks and remains of 4 turntables used to
set mine cars of to areas for repair. The oil
house is the first small building from Keyser
Ave., and the fan house is used for storage by
the A + Power Wash Inc. Last year A+ uncovered a
buried metal 7 ton mine car on their property.
Records between 1872 and 1902 show 6,716,644
tons of coal produced.
Recently discovered DL&W high quality photos
of the Pine in 1905 were found in the Easton
Canal Museum Archives by Prof. Bob Wolinski.
Old Forge and the Morgan Colliery.
The Old Forge Colliery was built by the
Pennsylvania Coal Co in 1882 and began
processing coal in 1884. The large colliery was
not an over shaft design but had its coal
brought to it from mines a distance away. The
colliery was located in the area near the end of
Howard St., and the Lackawanna River.
It had the largest railroad staging yard of
any colliery in town, with a connection to the
DL&W main line and a line crossing the
Lackawanna River up through Moosic along Mill
Creek, to connect with the D&H main in Avoca. It
was the largest of the collieries in town, with
a inclined plane of 4 tracks wide to move loaded
mine cars to the top of the structure.
It had a capacity to process 1800 tons a day
and was destroyed by fire in 1903. The new modem
breaker erected on the same site had a capacity
of 2500 tons of coal processed a day. It was the
test site for the new Menzies Cone Separator
used in separating coal from the waist rock. A
washery was later added.
In 1906 the Colliery had the largest power
generation plant in the area, and supplied
electrical power to the Pennsylvania Coal Co. (PCC)
No 1 and No 2 shafts & Slope, the Coray slope,
Marcy, Clark, and Lawrence drifts, Central
breaker in Avoca and its No13 shaft.
At the height of production, coal was being
processed from the Marcy and Clark Drifts, No 1
Shaft and Slope, No 2 Shaft and Slope, and the 2
The colliery then called the Morgan operated
until around 1940. It was destroyed by fire in
Pa. Mine Inspector Reports show that between
1884 and 1937 about 19,727,191 tons of coal was
The Lawrence colliery was actually located
just over the Old Forge township line in Ransom
Township, above Connells Patch. It was operated
by the Connell Coal Co, and in 1894 was working
2 drifts and a shaft.
In 1897 the Lawrence, also known as Old Larry
was abandoned. All coal mined at the shaft and
drifts were taken underground by rail to the
William A. where the cars were lifted to the
surface for processing at the breaker.
Old Larry was later used as a washery from
1906 to 1910 for processing the coal culm piles.
It has the largest remains of only 3
collieries sites in present day Old Forge where
any structure can be seen. It was served by the
LVRR off the Austin Branch out of Coxton.
Records indicate between 1894 and 1910 about
1,171,127 tons of coal were produced.